Millwork Terms

Hardwoods

General term used to designate lumber or veneer produced from deciduous trees in contrast to softwood, which is produced from evergreen or coniferous trees.

Grain

The size, alignment, and color of wood fibers in a piece of lumber. The fibers in wood and their direction, size, arrangement, appearance, or quality.

Balance Match

Any number of pieces of veneer components or leaves of equal size (prior to edge trimming) matched (book, slip, or reverse slip) to make up a single face.

Edge Band

Lumber, veneer, or plastic laminate attached to the edge of a plywood or particleboard panel.

Millwork

Architectural woodwork and any woodmill-produced building construction interior-finish components. The terms millwork and woodwork are synonymous.

Slip Match

Method of matching veneers whereby consecutive sheets of veneer are laid out side by side (in contrast to turning them over for book matching) and joined together with a repetition of the same grain appearance.

Standard Lacquer

In finishing, a nitrocellulose-based lacquer without additives.

Book Match

A term in veneering, where successive pieces of veneer are arranged side by side. In a properly done book match, each leaf of veneer will resemble a mirror image of the previous leaf.

Substrate

Generally used to describe a panel product upon which a decorative finish material is applied.

Finish

The process of refining or protecting a wooden surface, especially in the production of furniture, cabinets and other millwork. 

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