Millwork Terms

Center Match

An even number of veneers of equal width matched (usually book, but also slip or reverse slip) in the face so that an equal number of veneers are on either side of the center point (i.e., a veneer joint) of the face.

Grain

The size, alignment, and color of wood fibers in a piece of lumber. The fibers in wood and their direction, size, arrangement, appearance, or quality.

Plank Match

This specification indicates veneers are put together randomly for the face of a piece of plywood, with no matching grain character in the same face.

Hardwoods

General term used to designate lumber or veneer produced from deciduous trees in contrast to softwood, which is produced from evergreen or coniferous trees.

Banding

Thin, narrow strips of different-colored woods made up in patterns and inlaid into grooves cut in cabinet work as a decorative feature.

Plain Sawn

Method of cutting lumber across the half log. A tangential cut.

Crown Moldings

Moldings used to accent ceiling intersections and traditional pediments and casework tops.

Veneer

A thin sheet of wood cut from a log. A thin sheet or layer of wood, usually rotary cut, sliced, or sawn from a log or flitch. Thickness may vary from 1/100" to 1/4".

Finish

The process of refining or protecting a wooden surface, especially in the production of furniture, cabinets and other millwork. 

Special Match

Special matching or sketch matching (per a submitted sketch) of veneers that may be done in an infinite number of patterns, including the more common diamond match, box match, checkerboard, herringbone, and a host of others.

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