Millwork Terms

Substrate

Generally used to describe a panel product upon which a decorative finish material is applied.

Casework

All the parts that constitute a finished case or cabinet, including doors, drawers, and shelves.

Edge Band

Lumber, veneer, or plastic laminate attached to the edge of a plywood or particleboard panel.

Grain

The size, alignment, and color of wood fibers in a piece of lumber. The fibers in wood and their direction, size, arrangement, appearance, or quality.

Hardwoods

General term used to designate lumber or veneer produced from deciduous trees in contrast to softwood, which is produced from evergreen or coniferous trees.

Banding

Thin, narrow strips of different-colored woods made up in patterns and inlaid into grooves cut in cabinet work as a decorative feature.

Special Match

Special matching or sketch matching (per a submitted sketch) of veneers that may be done in an infinite number of patterns, including the more common diamond match, box match, checkerboard, herringbone, and a host of others.

Balance Match

Any number of pieces of veneer components or leaves of equal size (prior to edge trimming) matched (book, slip, or reverse slip) to make up a single face.

Casing

Generally, a molding placed around a door frame or window frame.

Millwork

Architectural woodwork and any woodmill-produced building construction interior-finish components. The terms millwork and woodwork are synonymous.

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