Millwork Terms

Ply

A term referring to any layer of veneer in a piece of plywood. A 3-ply panel has three layers of veneer, 5-ply has five layers, etc.

Grain

The size, alignment, and color of wood fibers in a piece of lumber. The fibers in wood and their direction, size, arrangement, appearance, or quality.

Balance Match

Any number of pieces of veneer components or leaves of equal size (prior to edge trimming) matched (book, slip, or reverse slip) to make up a single face.

Edge Band

Lumber, veneer, or plastic laminate attached to the edge of a plywood or particleboard panel.

Crown Moldings

Moldings used to accent ceiling intersections and traditional pediments and casework tops.

Hardwoods

General term used to designate lumber or veneer produced from deciduous trees in contrast to softwood, which is produced from evergreen or coniferous trees.

Finish

The process of refining or protecting a wooden surface, especially in the production of furniture, cabinets and other millwork. 

Architectural Woodwork

Fine custom woodworking specified for special applications and functions by architects and other design professionals and created by woodworkers.

Plank Match

This specification indicates veneers are put together randomly for the face of a piece of plywood, with no matching grain character in the same face.

Face Veneer

High-quality veneer that is used for exposed surfaces on plywood. The decorative veneer on the face of a panel (the exposed side), be it wall paneling, furniture, cabinet, etc.

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