Millwork Terms

Finish

The process of refining or protecting a wooden surface, especially in the production of furniture, cabinets and other millwork. 

Special Match

Special matching or sketch matching (per a submitted sketch) of veneers that may be done in an infinite number of patterns, including the more common diamond match, box match, checkerboard, herringbone, and a host of others.

Edge Band

Lumber, veneer, or plastic laminate attached to the edge of a plywood or particleboard panel.

Running Match

Each panel face is assembled from as many veneer leaves as necessary. Any portion left over from the last leaf may be used as the start of the next panel.

Book Match

A term in veneering, where successive pieces of veneer are arranged side by side. In a properly done book match, each leaf of veneer will resemble a mirror image of the previous leaf.

Veneer

A thin sheet of wood cut from a log. A thin sheet or layer of wood, usually rotary cut, sliced, or sawn from a log or flitch. Thickness may vary from 1/100" to 1/4".

Particle board

A type of manufactured wood product made from wood chips, sawmill shavings, or even saw dust, and a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, which is pressed and extruded. Particle board is very dense, heavy, and flat.

End Match

End matching consists of opening two matching pieces of veneer endwise rather than edgewise (book match). This may be done to make a balanced face (e.g., for a top) or if long panels are required beyond limits of the veneer length.

Banding

Thin, narrow strips of different-colored woods made up in patterns and inlaid into grooves cut in cabinet work as a decorative feature.

Quartersawn

Method of cutting lumber where the annual rings are relatively perpendicular to the face of the board. Quarter-sawn lumber tends to be more dimensionally stable than other forms of lumber, such as plain sawn.

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