Millwork Terms

Standard Lacquer

In finishing, a nitrocellulose-based lacquer without additives.

Edge Band

Lumber, veneer, or plastic laminate attached to the edge of a plywood or particleboard panel.

Slip Match

Method of matching veneers whereby consecutive sheets of veneer are laid out side by side (in contrast to turning them over for book matching) and joined together with a repetition of the same grain appearance.

Grain

The size, alignment, and color of wood fibers in a piece of lumber. The fibers in wood and their direction, size, arrangement, appearance, or quality.

Balance Match

Any number of pieces of veneer components or leaves of equal size (prior to edge trimming) matched (book, slip, or reverse slip) to make up a single face.

Quartersawn

Method of cutting lumber where the annual rings are relatively perpendicular to the face of the board. Quarter-sawn lumber tends to be more dimensionally stable than other forms of lumber, such as plain sawn.

Millwork

Architectural woodwork and any woodmill-produced building construction interior-finish components. The terms millwork and woodwork are synonymous.

End Match

End matching consists of opening two matching pieces of veneer endwise rather than edgewise (book match). This may be done to make a balanced face (e.g., for a top) or if long panels are required beyond limits of the veneer length.

Reverse Slip Match

The variation from slip match is that every other piece of veneer in the face is reversed, end for end, with the adjoining sheet that "balances" the characteristics of the pieces of veneer in the face.

Particle board

A type of manufactured wood product made from wood chips, sawmill shavings, or even saw dust, and a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, which is pressed and extruded. Particle board is very dense, heavy, and flat.

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