Millwork Terms

Casing

Generally, a molding placed around a door frame or window frame.

Standard Lacquer

In finishing, a nitrocellulose-based lacquer without additives.

Finish

The process of refining or protecting a wooden surface, especially in the production of furniture, cabinets and other millwork. 

Ply

A term referring to any layer of veneer in a piece of plywood. A 3-ply panel has three layers of veneer, 5-ply has five layers, etc.

Grain

The size, alignment, and color of wood fibers in a piece of lumber. The fibers in wood and their direction, size, arrangement, appearance, or quality.

Running Match

Each panel face is assembled from as many veneer leaves as necessary. Any portion left over from the last leaf may be used as the start of the next panel.

Book Match

A term in veneering, where successive pieces of veneer are arranged side by side. In a properly done book match, each leaf of veneer will resemble a mirror image of the previous leaf.

Plank Match

This specification indicates veneers are put together randomly for the face of a piece of plywood, with no matching grain character in the same face.

Balance Match

Any number of pieces of veneer components or leaves of equal size (prior to edge trimming) matched (book, slip, or reverse slip) to make up a single face.

Quartersawn

Method of cutting lumber where the annual rings are relatively perpendicular to the face of the board. Quarter-sawn lumber tends to be more dimensionally stable than other forms of lumber, such as plain sawn.

Pages