Millwork Terms

Particle board

A type of manufactured wood product made from wood chips, sawmill shavings, or even saw dust, and a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, which is pressed and extruded. Particle board is very dense, heavy, and flat.

Plank Match

This specification indicates veneers are put together randomly for the face of a piece of plywood, with no matching grain character in the same face.

Face Veneer

High-quality veneer that is used for exposed surfaces on plywood. The decorative veneer on the face of a panel (the exposed side), be it wall paneling, furniture, cabinet, etc.

Transparent Finish

A stain or clear finish that allows the natural characteristics and grain color of the wood surface to show through the finish.

Banding

Thin, narrow strips of different-colored woods made up in patterns and inlaid into grooves cut in cabinet work as a decorative feature.

Veneer

A thin sheet of wood cut from a log. A thin sheet or layer of wood, usually rotary cut, sliced, or sawn from a log or flitch. Thickness may vary from 1/100" to 1/4".

Edge Band

Lumber, veneer, or plastic laminate attached to the edge of a plywood or particleboard panel.

Slip Match

Method of matching veneers whereby consecutive sheets of veneer are laid out side by side (in contrast to turning them over for book matching) and joined together with a repetition of the same grain appearance.

Balance Match

Any number of pieces of veneer components or leaves of equal size (prior to edge trimming) matched (book, slip, or reverse slip) to make up a single face.

Hardwoods

General term used to designate lumber or veneer produced from deciduous trees in contrast to softwood, which is produced from evergreen or coniferous trees.

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