Millwork Terms

Millwork

Architectural woodwork and any woodmill-produced building construction interior-finish components. The terms millwork and woodwork are synonymous.

Quartersawn

Method of cutting lumber where the annual rings are relatively perpendicular to the face of the board. Quarter-sawn lumber tends to be more dimensionally stable than other forms of lumber, such as plain sawn.

Finish

The process of refining or protecting a wooden surface, especially in the production of furniture, cabinets and other millwork. 

Plain Sawn

Method of cutting lumber across the half log. A tangential cut.

Book Match

A term in veneering, where successive pieces of veneer are arranged side by side. In a properly done book match, each leaf of veneer will resemble a mirror image of the previous leaf.

Transparent Finish

A stain or clear finish that allows the natural characteristics and grain color of the wood surface to show through the finish.

Slip Match

Method of matching veneers whereby consecutive sheets of veneer are laid out side by side (in contrast to turning them over for book matching) and joined together with a repetition of the same grain appearance.

Veneer

A thin sheet of wood cut from a log. A thin sheet or layer of wood, usually rotary cut, sliced, or sawn from a log or flitch. Thickness may vary from 1/100" to 1/4".

Standard Lacquer

In finishing, a nitrocellulose-based lacquer without additives.

Particle board

A type of manufactured wood product made from wood chips, sawmill shavings, or even saw dust, and a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, which is pressed and extruded. Particle board is very dense, heavy, and flat.

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